26.1A: Overview of the Male and Female Reproductive Systems
A: Overview of the Male and Female Reproductive Systems - Medicine LibreTexts
When a child's gender is not clear at birth, the child has atypical genitalia ambiguous genitalia. This means that the genitals don't seem to be clearly male or female. You have 46 chromosomes in each cell of your body. These are grouped into 23 pairs. The 23rd pair determines your gender. Females have two X chromosomes, and males have one X and one Y chromosome. The gender of a developing baby is determined at conception, when the embryo has either two XX chromosomes, or an X and a Y chromosome.
Intersex people are individuals born with any of several variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes , gonads , sex hormones or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights , "do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies". Intersex people were previously referred to as hermaphrodites or "congenital eunuchs ". It was the first attempt at creating a taxonomic classification system of intersex conditions. Intersex people were categorized as either having true hermaphroditism , female pseudohermaphroditism , or male pseudohermaphroditism. Intersex people face stigmatization and discrimination from birth, or from discovery of an intersex trait, such as from puberty.
Reproduction is the process by which organisms make more organisms like themselves. But even though the reproductive system is essential to keeping a species alive, unlike other body systems, it's not essential to keeping an individual alive. In the human reproductive process, two kinds of sex cells, or gametes GAH-meetz , are involved. The male gamete, or sperm, and the female gamete, the egg or ovum, meet in the female's reproductive system. When sperm fertilizes meets an egg, this fertilized egg is called a zygote pronounced: ZYE-goat.